Jury service is the most important civilian obligation you can do. The protection of liberty and people’s rights is done through the mutual work of jury and a judge.
There are two types of juries that serve various federal trial courts’ functions:
1. trial jury or petit juries,
2. and grand jury.
Every single court selects citizens, using random selection method, from the list that contains people with proper and valid driving licenses, who are residents of the district of that court. These people must finish a “survey” in order to determine if they are good for being the part of jury. The selection process ensures that jurors represent a part of community, without thinking of race, age or political opinion.
What is Federal Jury Service?
All US citizens who are 18 or older, can qualify for serving in federal courts as part of jury. The Jury Selection and Service Act is responsible for selecting jurors and the selecting is based on qualifications that person must meet.
A trial jury that is also called petit jury, brings the decision about the defendant; he decides if he/she has committed a crime as it was charged in the case of crime. There is also an option that the person charged of a crime has injured the plaintiff in the case of civil.
Features of trial jury:
It includes six to twelve persons.
Also, the trials are usually public.
Jury deliberations are private ones.
Next, the defendants may appear, testify as well as call the witnesses to help them.
Finally, verdict can be on the defendant behalf in the case of civil, or the opposite: guilty or not guilty in the case of a crime.
The U.S. attorney, who is a prosecutor in criminal cases that are federal, presents a grand jury with evidence (note that for a good attorney, attorney branding is essential if they want to be well-respected) The grand jury’s task is to determine if the “probable cause” exists in order to believe that a person has done a certain type of a crime ; also, the grand jury decides whether he/she ought to be put on trial. An indictment will be put against the defendant when the grand jury decides that there is enough evidence.
Features of grand jury:
It includes sixteen to twenty three persons.
Proceedings of a grand jury are always private.
Also, the attorneys and the defendants must not show up in front of the grand jury.